One of the most significant injuries you can develop is a brain hemorrhage. With a brain hemorrhage, an artery bursts in the brain. This causes blood to enter the surrounding tissues. When blood floods into the local tissues, it begins to kill brain cells.
What causes brain hemorrhages?
Brain hemorrhages can be caused by many things including:
- Blood vessel anomalies
- High blood pressure
- Head trauma
- Bleeding disorders
- Brain tumors
There can be other causes as well.
What should you do if you hit your head in a crash or other accident?
The first thing you should always do is seek medical help. Symptoms of a hematoma and hemorrhage do not always appear right away. Sometimes, the bleeding occurs slowly, which causes damage over time.
Symptoms can develop suddenly or over time. Some may worsen progressively, while others come on suddenly. Some common symptoms of a brain hemorrhage include:
- Sudden, severe headaches
- Changes in vision
- The loss of fine motor skills
- Abnormal senses, such as a change in taste or weakness
- The loss of balance or coordination
- Decreased alertness
- Seizures with no previous history of epilepsy or seizure disorders
- The sudden loss of consciousness
These are just some symptoms. Any time unusual symptoms begin after an injury, you should go to the hospital. It is better to be safe than to find out your condition has significantly worsened.
When a hemorrhage occurs, the pooled blood collects into a mass and becomes a hematoma. A hematoma is another word for a blood clot. The clot places pressure on the brain tissues, which lowers the blood flow to the area and causes brain death.
How are patients treated when they have brain hemorrhages?
The treatment depends on the location of the injury and the extent of the damage. Some people only require medications such as diuretics or corticosteroids. Others require surgery to relieve pressure and stop or prevent bleeding. It is very important to seek care quickly in any case, because early interventions can prevent lasting and progressive damage.